Knee Anatomy

  • The four main ligaments in the knee: ACL, MCL, LCL, PCL attach to the femur and tibia.
  • The quadriceps tendon connects the top of the patella.
  • Segments of the quadriceps tendon —the patellar retinacula—attach to tibia and stabilize the patella.
  • Articular cartilage covers ends of the femur, trochlear groove, and the underside of the patella: allows the bones to glide smoothly against each other as the leg moves.
  • The synovium (thin lining of tissue) covers the joint surface, producing a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage.
  • Inferior to the patella, fat pad cushions the kneecap and acts as a shock absorber.

What can knee pain be caused by?

  • The most common causes of knee pain can include:
    • Abnormal muscle imbalances
    • Poor lower limb biomechanics
    • Tight anatomical structures
    • Increased levels of physical activity
    • Injury

Can Physiotherapy help?

Yes! Physiotherapy can assist in the management of various knee conditions and injuries such as torn meniscus, ligamentous tears, muscular strains, knee bursitis, fractures or patellar tendinopathy. Treatment may focus on normalising muscle length and strength imbalances, foot and hip biomechanics, movement patterns, regaining full range of motion and reducing pain.

Call us today for more information or to make an appointment with one of our Physiotherapists


Eleni Tsagaris

Physiotherapist Potts Point, Mona Vale and Brookvale